- First appeared in 1981
- 1981: first film “Raiders of the Lost Ark”
- 1992-1993: the television series
- 1989: novelisation of films
- Indiana Jones is a made-up character, so his biography is fictional
- Picasso, Roosevelt, Freud, Dracula and many others met during his adventures
In details :
- Indiana Jones is a fictional character whose first appearance took place in 1981, in the cinema, in the film “Raiders of the Lost Ark”
Several opus followed, as well as a television adaptation and in the form of novels.
- The character of Indiana Jones was created by director, screenwriter and producer Georges Lucas. If initially he opted for the name of Indiana Smith. It’s his friend, Steven Spielberg, who recommended him to change it to Indiana Jones.
The character of Indiana Jones has this peculiarity that although totally fictional, he regularly meets characters who actually existed.
- Indiana Jones was born on 1st July 1899 in New Jersey as Henry Walton Jones Junior. His father was a professor of medieval literature. He will have a dog named Indiana and it is in 1905 that the young boy decides to change his name to that of his dog in order to differentiate himself from his father. From 1908, Indiana followed his father who gave lectures around the world. He will therefore not be schooled classically but followed by a tutor.
During a trip to Egypt where his father gives a lecture at the University of Cairo, Indiana and his tutor will visit the Pyramids. Their guide, who felt that he was paid too little, decided to abandon them on the spot. Indiana and his tutor then met Thomas Edward Lawrence, called Lawrence of Arabia, who would entrust them to be about to open and discover a tomb. This is where Indiana’s passion for archaeology is born.
In 1912, Indiana’s mother died of scarlet fever and he moved with his father to Utah. He becomes a Scout and goes to a bivouac: he finds himself confronted by plunderers and his adventures lead him to face a lion and to fall into a pit filled with snakes (this is where his phobia comes from).
In 1916, while visiting his family in New Mexico, he finds himself captured by Mexican revolutionaries and owes his salvation to Pancho Villa.
After spending some time in Ireland, he and his friend Rémy were recruited by the Belgian army and left for Le Havre to take part in the First World War. Indiana enlists under the name of Henri Défense.
He and his friend are sent to the trenches where they experience all the atrocities of the war. Indiana will make the request to get out of the trenches. He then became a courier but sabotaged his own motorcycle to short-circuit an order that would have caused many deaths. He immediately returned to the trenches.
At the end of the war, he moved to Paris where he had an affair with Mata Hari. She advised him to go to Africa to take part in the war. He went there with his friend Rémy in November 2016. There he was promoted lieutenant and became a leader of men. His unit was struck by illness and Indiana decided to withdraw from the war. He returns to France where he joins the secret services with Rémy. Their missions separate them. After several missions in Eastern Europe, Indiana left again to Cairo and in 1920 he was admitted to the University of Chicago where he took courses in archaeology.
After graduating in 1922, he returned to France to study linguistics at the University of the Sorbonne.
His university career ended in 1925 and he travelled the world. His adventures lead him everywhere: to Mount Arat, in India, on Easter Island … He meets baddies, UFOs, dinosaurs …
- In her adventures, Indiana is dressed in her iconic outfit: a leather jacket, crossbody canvas bag, brown hat and whip at the waist. In everyday life, he wears a city suit and glasses.
- From the start, Spielberg is convinced that Harrison Ford must play the hero on the screen. Georges Lucas, on the other hand, has some reservations: he fears that the amalgam will be made with the character of Han Solo of the Star Wars saga that Ford also played. The cast then stops on Tom Selleck but he must finally refuse the role: his contract for the Magnum series prevents him from becoming Indiana. Spielberg then manages to convince Lucas that Harrison Ford is made for the role.
Series of films:
1981: Raiders of the Lost Ark
1984: Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
1989: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (with River Phoenix playing Indiana as a teenager)
2008: Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.
Although interpreted by the same actor, there have been 3 different dubbers in France for the character of Indiana.
On television, Correy Carrier played Indiana in the series “The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones” in 2002-2003.The films have also been adapted into children’s novels and even comics!
The character was also exploited in a number of video games. Some were even developed by the company Lucasart.
- Disney parks have also adapted attractions to the characters. These attractions are grouped under the name Indiana Jones adventures . We find “The Forbidden Eye” in California since 1995. The attraction was duplicated for Tokyo Park but takes the name of The temple of the Crystal Skull. The Floridian Park presents a show with multiple waterfalls under the name of Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular. As for our French park, we know well the attraction Indiana Jones and the Temple of Peril!